How to install VMWare Tools on Ubuntu Server (command line only)

When we install Ubuntu Server on a VMWare Virtual Machine and choose to add the VMWare tools, there is no desktop where the tools appear to be installed, so this is a way to install VMWare tools on a command line only installation.

On VMWare choose Instll VMWare Tools. On the guest OS (Ubuntu Server on my case) we have first to mount the virtual CD with the tools:

sudo mount /dev/cdrom /media/cdrom

Then extract the CD contents to the tmp dir

tar xzvf /media/cdrom/VMwareTools-xxxxx.tar.gz -C /tmp/

Now execute the tools installer (-d options uses all the default parameters, to choose them manually do not use the -d option):

cd /tmp/vmware-tools-distrib/
sudo ./vmware-install.pl -d

If there is no GCC installed on the guest OS the VMWare tools configuration will fail, so GCC should be installed first (you could install it and run again the vmware-install.pt script if it has failed because of the missing GCC)

sudo apt-get install gcc

Run again the installer if it has failed because of the missing GCC:

cd /tmp/vmware-tools-distrib/
sudo ./vmware-install.pl -d

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